What is Mobile Forensics?

November 27, 2023

Learn about the ins and outs of mobile forensics to know where we have been and where we are going for mobile data collection and investigation.

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What is Digital Forensics?

Digital forensics, also known as computer or mobile forensics, deals with investigating and recovering digital evidence from electronic devices and networks. It involves applying scientific and investigative techniques to gather and analyze data that could be used in a criminal case or legal proceedings.

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Table of Contents

History of Mobile Forensics

infographic that shows the history of mobile forensics
The history of mobile forensics can be traced back to the advent of mobile phones and the increasing integration of digital technology into these devices.

Here’s a brief overview of the key milestones in the history of mobile forensics:


Early Mobile Phones

In the early days of mobile phones, forensic analysis primarily focused on call records and text messages. However, the limited storage capacity and functionality of these early devices restricted the amount of data that could be retrieved.


Introduction of Smartphones

The emergence of smartphones, such as the BlackBerry and the early Windows Mobile devices, marked a significant shift in mobile forensics. These devices offered more advanced features, including email, web browsing, and third-party applications, expanding the scope of forensic analysis.

Oxygen Forensics first forensic tool was launched in 2004 and supported data extraction from Nokia feature phones and Nokia Symbian smartphones.

iPhone and Android Era

The release of the iPhone in 2007 and the subsequent proliferation of Android devices revolutionized the mobile landscape. These smartphones introduced touchscreens, advanced operating systems, and a wide range of applications. Mobile forensics had to adapt to the increased complexity of these devices.

Specialized Forensic Tools

As smartphones became more complex and secure, specialized forensic tools started to emerge in the early 2000s. Companies like Cellebrite and Oxygen Forensics developed tools capable of extracting and analyzing data from a variety of mobile devices. These tools played a crucial role in forensic investigations.


Encryption Challenges

With the increasing focus on user privacy and security, mobile operating systems started implementing stronger encryption measures. This posed a challenge for mobile forensic experts, as accessing encrypted data required advanced techniques and sometimes cooperation from device manufacturers.

Chip-off and JTAG Techniques

In cases where traditional extraction methods were not successful, forensic experts began using more advanced techniques like chip-off and JTAG (Joint Test Action Group). These methods allowed direct access to the memory chips of the devices, bypassing the operating system’s security.

Cloud Forensics

As users started relying on cloud services for data storage and synchronization, mobile forensics expanded to include the analysis of data stored in the cloud. Investigators had to adapt their methods to retrieve and analyze information from services like iCloud and Google Drive.

Oxygen Forensics was the first to release the capability to extract Cloud data and still provides the most Cloud support than any other forensic software.

Legal and Ethical Developments

The legal and ethical considerations surrounding mobile forensics became increasingly important. Courts established guidelines for the admissibility of digital evidence, and forensic experts had to ensure that their practices complied with legal standards.


Continued Evolution

Mobile forensics continues to evolve with advancements in technology. As new mobile devices, operating systems, and security features are introduced, forensic experts must stay ahead of these developments to effectively investigate and analyze digital evidence.

What is Mobile Forensics? Types, Tools, and Challenges

Mobile forensics refers to the process of collecting, analyzing, and preserving electronic evidence from mobile devices. This field has become increasingly important as mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets, have become integral parts of our daily lives and are often involved in criminal investigations, cybersecurity incidents, and legal cases. Mobile forensics involves retrieving and analyzing data from mobile devices to gather evidence for investigations.

Here are some key aspects of mobile forensics:

  • Types of Data Collection
  • Tools and Techniques
  • Challenges for Investigators

Types of Data Collected

Call Logs and Text Messages

Analyzing call records and text message history.

Contacts and Address Book

Examining stored contact information.

Media Files

Recovering photos, videos, and audio recordings.

App Data

Investigating data stored by applications.

Location Data

Analyzing GPS and location information.

Internet History

Examining browser history and online activities.

Tools and Techniques

Digital Forensic Software

Specialized tools like Cellebrite, Oxygen Forensic® Detective, and XRY are commonly used for mobile forensic analysis.

Digital Forensic Software

Specialized tools like Cellebrite, Oxygen Forensic® Detective, and XRY are commonly used for mobile forensic analysis.

View our tools →

JTAG and Chip-off

Advanced techniques that involve direct access to the device’s memory by bypassing the operating system.



Many modern devices employ encryption, making it challenging to access and analyze data without proper credentials.

Device Variety

The wide range of mobile devices and operating systems requires forensic investigators to be knowledgeable about various platforms.

Data Overwrite

Constant use of a device can result in the overwriting of data, making it harder to recover older information.

Legal and Ethical Considerations

  • Adhering to legal procedures and obtaining the necessary permissions before conducting mobile forensic investigations.
  • Ensuring the integrity of the evidence collected to withstand legal scrutiny.

Anti-Forensic Techniques

Some individuals or criminals may use anti-forensic techniques to deliberately hinder or mislead investigators. Mobile forensic experts need to be aware of such tactics.

View more challenges investigators face →

Why is mobile forensics critical to a digital forensics’ investigation?

Mobile devices are critical to digital forensics investigations for several reasons:

Ubiquity of Mobile Devices: Mobile devices have become ubiquitous in modern society. Many individuals use mobile devices for communication, social networking, banking, and various other activities, making them valuable sources of digital evidence.

Personal and Sensitive Information: People store a significant amount of personal and sensitive information on their mobile devices. This includes text messages, call logs, emails, photos, videos, location data, and more. Investigators can extract this information to reconstruct events and timelines relevant to a case.

Communication Channels: Mobile devices are used for communication through various channels, including text messages, voice calls, instant messaging, and social media apps. Analyzing these communication channels can provide insights into relationships, motives, and potential collaboration among individuals involved in a case.

Location Data: Many mobile devices are equipped with GPS technology, allowing them to record and store location data. This information can be crucial in establishing the whereabouts of individuals at specific times, helping investigators build a timeline of events.

Learn more about location data →

Internet Browsing and App Usage: Mobile devices are often used to access the internet and various applications. Analyzing internet browsing history and app usage can reveal additional details about a person’s activities, interests, and potential involvement in criminal or suspicious activities.

Learn more about Browser data →

Digital Footprint: Mobile devices leave a digital footprint of user activities. This includes metadata associated with files, timestamps, and other digital artifacts. Forensic investigators can analyze this digital footprint to reconstruct user actions and interactions with the device.

Cloud Integration: Many mobile devices are connected to cloud services, where data is often synchronized. This means that relevant evidence may not only be on the device itself but also in associated cloud accounts. Forensic experts can examine cloud storage for additional information.

Learn more about cloud forensics →

Challenges and Security Measures: Mobile devices present unique challenges due to their diverse operating systems, encryption methods, and security measures. Overcoming these challenges requires specialized tools and expertise in mobile forensics.

Learn more about digital forensic software and available features →

Mobile forensics plays a crucial role in criminal investigations, cybersecurity incidents, and legal proceedings. As technology evolves, the field of mobile forensics continues to adapt to new challenges and opportunities. It’s important for forensic experts to stay updated on the latest developments in mobile technology and security to effectively carry out their investigations.

Mobile Forensic Tools

Oxygen Forensics specializes in digital forensic software solutions. It provides tools and software for law enforcement, private investigators, enterprises, and government organizations to extract, analyze, and recover digital evidence from various devices, including mobile phones, computers, cloud services, and more.

Oxygen Forensics offers a range of products and services that are crucial in criminal and legal investigations, corporate incidents, and other situations where digital evidence plays a role.

Oxygen Forensic® Detective

Oxygen Forensics’ flagship solution, Oxygen Forensic® Detective, was built to support investigators throughout the entire investigative process. It can extract data quickly and completely from the full digital landscape and facilitate deep analysis and flexible reporting in a single platform. It extracts data and artifacts from various sources with capabilities for mobile, cloud, and computer forensic investigations.

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Oxygen Analytic Center

Oxygen Analytic Center, built to support Oxygen Forensic® Detective and Oxygen Corporate Explorer, as well as being an individual product, enables real-time, browser-based collaborative data review and analysis — any time, anywhere — so investigators and eDiscovery professionals can resolve cases faster and more efficiently.

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Oxygen Corporate Explorer

Oxygen Corporate Explorer, built for corporate investigations, helps find critical digital evidence quickly and completely, using targeted, remote, and onsite data collection, task scheduling for automatic collection, and powerful search and analytic tools.

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Speak with one of our digital forensic experts.